Halo Effect and Social Psychology

Halo Effect and Social Psychology

What is Halo Effect and Social Psychology

The Halo effect & social psychology within psychological processes is an interesting phenomena. It is based on the fact that the global evaluation about a person is interlinked with judgment about specific traits that the person displays. We all succumb to the halo effect in that we often see a person who is very friendly and pleasant to look at so we will judge them as being trustworthy and kind.

Below is an article about the Halo Effect which was written by Dr Jeremy Dean for PsyBlog. PsyBlog was created by Dr Jeremy Dean to help bring psychological issues to the general public. The articles are written simply and clearly for the understanding of al. The original article was called ‘Antibiotic-associated encephalopathy’ but thanks to the website PsyBlog the original article has been written in more easy to understand language. Halo Effect & Social Psychology

The Halo Effect: When Your Own Mind is a Mystery

The idea that global evaluations about a person bleed over into judgements about their specific traits.

The ‘halo effect’ is a classic finding in social psychology. It is the idea that global evaluations about a person (e.g. she is likeable) bleed over into judgements about their specific traits (e.g. she is intelligent). Hollywood stars demonstrate the halo effect perfectly. Because they are often attractive and likeable we naturally assume they are also intelligent, friendly, display good judgement and so on. That is, until we come across (sometimes plentiful) evidence to the contrary.

In the same way politicians use the ‘halo effect’ to their advantage by trying to appear warm and friendly, while saying little of any substance. People tend to believe their policies are good, because the person appears good. It’s that simple.

But you would think we could pick up these sorts of mistaken judgements by simply introspecting and, in a manner of speaking, retrace our thought processes back to the original mistake. In the 1970s, well-known social psychologist Richard Nisbett set out to demonstrate how little access we actually have to our thought processes in general and to the halo effect in particular.

Likeability of lecturers

Nisbett and Wilson wanted to examine the way student participants made judgement about a lecturer (Nisbett & Wilson, 1977). Students were told the research was investigating teacher evaluations. Specifically, they were told, the experimenters were interested in whether judgement varied depending on the amount of exposure students had to a particular lecturer. This was a total lie.

In fact the students had been divided into two groups who were going to watch two different videos of the same lecturer, who happened to have a strong Belgian accent (this is relevant!). One group watched the lecturer answer a series of questions in an extremely warm and friendly manner. The second group saw exactly the same person answer exactly the questions in a cold and distant manner. Experimenters made sure it was obvious which of the lecturers alter-egos was more likeable. In one he appeared to like teaching and students and in the other he came across as a much more authoritarian figure who didn’t like teach at all.

After each group of students watched the videos they were asked to rate the lecturer on physical appearance, mannerisms and even his accent (mannerisms were kept the same across both videos). Consistent with the halo effect, students who saw the ‘warm’ incarnation of the lecturer rated him more attractive, his mannerisms more likeable and even is accent as more appealing. This was unsurprising as it backed up previous work on the halo effect.

Unconscious judgements

The surprise is that students had no clue whatsoever why they gave one lecturer higher ratings, even after they were given every chance. After the study it was suggested to them that how much they liked the lecturer might have affected their evaluations. Despite this, most said that how much they liked the lecturer from what he said had not affected their evaluation of his individual characteristics at all.

For those who had seen the badass lecturer the results were even worse – students got it the wrong way around. Some thought their ratings of his individual characteristics had actually affected their global evaluation of his likeability.

Even after this, the experimenters were not satisfied. They interviewed students again to ask them whether it was possible their global evaluation of the lecturer had affected their ratings of the lecturer’s attributes. Still, the students told them it hadn’t. They were convinced they had made their judgement about the lecturer’s physical appearance, mannerisms and accent without considering how likeable he was.

Common uses of the halo effect

The halo effect in itself is fascinating and now well-known in the business world. According to ‘Reputation Marketing‘ by John Marconi, books that have ‘Harvard Classics’ written on the front can demand twice the price of the exact same book without the Harvard endorsement. The same is true in the fashion industry. The addition of a well-known fashion designer’s name to a simple pair of jeans can inflate their price tremendously.

But what this experiment demonstrates is that although we can understand the halo effect intellectually, we often have no idea when it is actually happening. This is what makes it such a useful effect for marketers and politicians. We quite naturally make the kinds of adjustments demonstrated in this experiment without even realising it. And then, even when it’s pointed out to us, we may well still deny it.

So, the next time you vote for a politician, consider buying a pair of designer jeans or decide whether you like someone, ask yourself whether the halo effect is operating. Are you really evaluating the traits of the person or product you thought you were? Alternatively is some global aspect bleeding over into your specific judgement? This simple check could save you voting for the wrong person, wasting your money or rejecting someone who would be a loyal friend.

Or perhaps, even if you do check, you’ll still never know…Gulp.

Article Source: PsyBlog

Curated by Liz McCaughey©Copyright 2018 aMindset.HK

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Creating Energetic Boundaries

Creating Energetic Boundaries

What is an Energetic Boundaries?

If you have moved out of home but have to return there for a holiday or even worse to live for a while! You will soon see the need to recreate or just create boundaries not just at a physical level but at an energetic level as well. And don’t fool yourself because if you are thinking you need boundaries then your parent/parents are probably thinking the same thing. Creating Energetic Boundaries

Below is a great really down to earth article by Michael Maso Ellis about boundaries. Michael is an Australian who lives in New Zealand who is passionate about healthy living, performance and the arts, and sharing skills and wisdom.

Why Creating Healthy Energetic Boundaries Makes us All Stronger

Seeing and responding to energetic projection honestly, being authentic and conscious can be hard, here’s a look at how to practice this, and why its good for us.

I’m sitting here right now at my computer and I feel sore. Like, you know, in my feelings. Why? You might ask. Well, I’m staying with my father at the moment, and this morning (the day after I arrive, mind you..) he came into the room where I was sleeping at 7 am, woke me up to tell me some very important information. That the chickens might have laid a couple of eggs and please don’t let the cats out. For fuck’s sake. So this relatively simple thing has set the tone of my whole morning, because in the morning I am super sensitive. Bizarrely, In my morning lucid dream, I was talking about eggs with my father and how to test if they are bad are not. What the hell?! Anyway so he knocks a bit on the door and asks me if I’m awake (which woke me…grrr), comes right on in, then tells me those important things.

“If you want to see how enlightened you are, go spend a week with your family” – Ram Dass

Now, historically when I was younger, I would have just let that get to me, without really knowing why I felt shit all morning, or indeed alot of the time. Don’t get me wrong, I love my Dad, hes a good man, but I get triggered by his manner sometimes. All pretty normal. This morning however, I managed to work out what the fuck just happened, and I knew I had to take action!

So I wrote this message to him :”I need you to not do that.. the last thing I need in the morning is to be woken up hours before im ready, to be told something you could have written in a note im 30 fucking years old not 8. thanks! 🙂 “.

(my father later noted that I am lucky I don’t have kids…parents…I salute you!)

Now this might seem like a pretty minor thing, but for me its quite a big deal, because I have often censored my responses to people because I didn’t want to hurt their feelings. My parents included.

Let’s look at a situation like this in terms of energetic projection:

I was in a highly vulnerable energetic space

The other person had been thinking about what was important to them and probably worrying.

Energy type: Shadow : Anxiety

They took action based on their decision of what was important information in order to alleviate the anxiety.

They assumed that the information should be important to me also

And then they came and talked at me without consideration for my energetic state.

Subjecting me, at that vulnerable moment, to their Shadow : Anxiety

I then took on the anxiety because I’m a sponge, and was raised to be a good boy and be polite and conscious of other people.

So for me, as an empathic person, it’s hard to imagine ever subjecting a person to my energy in such a way, unless it was absolutely necessary…because I know what it FEELS LIKE to have it happen to me…and obviously this is an incredibly minor situation compared to what could and does happen to people all the time, but its a good example none-the-less.

Also I should note, I accept that it is important that the cats don’t get out, but a note on the kitchen bench would have sufficed for communication. Of course he was also being nice in his way, but the principle of the matter is the issue of boundaries.

The Curse and Blessings of Empathy

So for me, being conscious means seeing and being aware of what happens with subtle energetics between people, in all situations. Its not always pretty feeling everything from other people, but in the bigger picture it has helped me to ground into myself more, and ultimately lead an authentic life, because I learn so much about myself by being triggered. The plus side is that I’m also able to share beautiful feelings and inspiration very easily.

However, there is a very important step which helps me to understand what’s going on.

When I’m triggered, I need to quickly write a note about the situation as it happened, so in the swirling energetic response to the situation, I can retain something for later examination. Importantly and by extension, respond creatively to the trigger means I can understand my own needs better, and therefore see if I need to set clearer boundaries.

Sometimes I wait until time has passed and then share my notes or expressed reflections, and this helps to keep preserve the truth of that moment until its appropriate to bring up. This, in turn, means that the heated emotions in a moment don’t HAVE to be the starting point for a conversation.

In energetic terms:

The other person has “passed a vibe” to me, which triggers me

And out of habit or circumstance I take it on board

I transfer that vibe to words or a picture or a song

I can see the vibe outside of myself in the expression

That shadow is contained and made safe through the attention it receives

Life goes on

The wider implications of this practice

It is very easy to see how powerful language is, visual, non-verbal/energetic, written or otherwise.

It is the carrier of vibration. Very important to remember I feel is that something seemingly innocent such as a greeting “Hi, nice to meet you”, can have an energetic undertone that doesn’t match the words. This means that the non-verbal/energetic reality is primary. Words are so powerful because they carry vibration, not necessarily because they are true. It is the vibe that’s real and affects us so deeply. Looking at media, mainstream, alternative or otherwise, in this light is very interesting to me.

In my life its been pretty common to come across people justifying having no boundaries, or crossing boundaries, while using words that seemingly mean something else. Ideas about ‘oneness’, ‘opening the heart’ and any kind of collective or group consciousness philosophies can have serious implications for boundaries. We need to be critical about the energy we experience, and be aware that words and energy are different. One of my teachers in India used to try to manipulate me by using phrases like ‘you are not an individual, are all one’ and ‘we are all one being’. Lovely ideas when used right, but what he was doing energetically was far from lovely.

Over time I am learning how to creatively respond to my experiences of energy and vibration in relationships, and in my internal work. This has helped me to move through triggers, understand processes, and cut through illusions about language, and establish stronger boundaries.

A couple more things to consider

If its not safe to set a boundary, that’s a good realization to have

You don’t HAVE to set a boundary, but you can if you want to

It can help to have a support outside of the dynamic that triggers you, while you get strong enough

Other people might need to set boundaries for themselves in relation to you, but do not, for their own reasons

We don’t have to lock down completely, boundaries need to be balanced with communication.

It helps the other person to understand us when we communicate clearly

Ultimately, the authoritarian paradigm is falling, people are waking up, and the effect flows on into the smallest situations. The way in which we attend to the evolution of consciousness determines how our relationships survive. If we take responsibility, that means, remember the ability to respond to a trigger, rather than react, we are further empowered and authentic. Hopefully, we can then support each other to come out of the illusions and see the true rawness of being human.

It has been only this way that has helped me move forward in my own life, and I am constantly reminded of this phenomena in other’s lives.

Safe travels 🙂

Michael Maso Ellis

About the author:

Michael Maso Ellis is an artist, mentor and spiritual practitioner, with a deep passion for the intuitive and creative experience of connecting to Life.

www.michaelmasoellis.com

Curated by Liz McCaughey

Curation

At aMIndset we value good content for our readers. In that spirit, we will often curate or excerpt content from top quality sources on the web.The very internet itself was created on the foundation of linking, sharing, and recommending good content from other sources on the web.

Curation means finding good, well-written, and highly relevant material for our readers. By choosing content from your site, we are giving it our vote of approval. This not only means that we excerpt your content, but we also give it our highest recommendation, and we encourage our readers to view your content on your own website.
Our curation is designed to send our readers to your site so you get new visitors exposed to your top quality content. We curated your content because it was outstanding in some way.

Full details of aMindset’s Curation Policy can be found HERE.